Factors influencing effective utilization of donor funding: case study of United Nations High Commissioner For refugees (UNHCR) funded projects in Oadaab Refugee Camp In North Eastern Province, Kenya
Dakane, Adan Haji
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The study was to stablish the factors influencing effective utilization of donor funds by UNHCR funded projects in Dadaab. This study was guided by the following specific objectives: to investigate how financial management has affected the utilization of UNHCR funded projects in Dadaab, to explore how the environment of operations of NGOs in Dadaab affected utilization of funds for UNHCR funded projects and to find out if the purpose of NGOs in Dadaab implementing UNHCR funded projects affects the effective utilization of donor funds. This study adopted a descriptive survey research design of Dadaab Refugee Camp Kenya. Descriptive survey examines a situation as it is and yield quantitative information that can be summarized through statistical analyses. The target population was all connected stakeholders in Dadaab Refugee Camp. In total there were tom type of stakeholders. The study was carried out in Dadaab Main Offices and Shopping centre, Hagadera, Ifo, Kambioos and Dagahaley Refugee Camps. The sample of respondents was determined using stratified sampling which relies on mere chance to determine who would be selected in the sample and called for random selection in the inclusion of the cases into the sample. A total of 200 people out of a sample frame of 667 UNHCR Dadaab employees, NGOs employees, Host Community Representatives and Refugee Organized Groups targeted were selected. This represents 30% of the total sample. Methods of data collection that were used involved both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from questionnaires distributed to the UNHCR Dadaab employees, NGOs Employees, Host Community Represents and Refugee organized groups.The secondary data was obtained from the UNHRC and NGOs records. The data analysis included both qualitative and quantitative techniques. The qualitative data was summarized and categorized according to common themes and presented using frequency distribution tables. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) to generate frequency distributions and percentages to assist the researcher in answering the research questions. The data was summarized by use of descriptive statistics of the mean and standard deviation. Descriptive statistics aimed to summarize the data set while inferential statistics including correlation and factor analysis used the data collected to make conclusions on the whole population under study. The findings of the study established that there is a relationship between utilization of donor funds and the three key factors identified in the objectives;financial management, enviroment operations and the purpose ot the NGOs. The study recommends that UNHCR and the NGOs work together to ensure improvements that will make the three factors favourable to effective utilization of donor funding by the NGOs working in Dadaab.