The impact of post election violence on K.C.P.E pupils' performance in public primary schools in esise division, Nyamira county, Kenya
Abere, John G. Ogeto
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Esise Division experienced a decline in Kenya Certificate of Primary Examination (KCPE) performance, especially in public day primary schools. To what extent was the low KCPE performance due to the 2007/2008 post election violence given that Esise Division is located in the affected environment? The purpose of the study was to investigate the impact of post election violence on KCPE pupils' performance in public day primary schools from 2008 to 2010, in Esise Division, Nyamira County. The objectives of the study were to: find out the impact of 2007/2008 Post Election Violence (PEV) on learners' enrolment, determine the impact of 2007/2008 PEV on the teaching staff, identify the impact of 2007/2008 PEV on the teaching/learning resources, find out the irrlp"actof 2007/2008 PEV on the confidence of the school community and identify the impact of 2007/2008 PEV on KCPE pupils' performance from 2008 to 2010 in public day primary schools in Esise Division, Nyamira County. The study used the descriptive survey design. Descriptive survey design was found appropriate for explaining or exploring the existing status of two or more variables at a given situation. The target population of the study constituted all the fifteen (15) day primary schools, the fifteen (J?) head teachers, the one thousand two hundred and two (1202) pupils from Standards 7 and 8, and thirty (30) class teachers (a class teacher per classes seven and eight). From these a fifty percent (50%) sample of eight (8) schools was randomly selected, eight (8) head teachers, sixteen (16) class teachers and thirty percent (30%) of the pupils which translates to three hundred and sixty (360) pupils was used to collect data. A pupils' Questionnaire (PQ), Class teachers' Questionnaire (CTQ) and a Headteachers' interview schedule (HTIS) was used to collect data. An observation checklist supplemented these instruments. To ensure validity and reliability of the instruments, a pilot study was carrie~'out in two schools, drawn from the study area. At the same time, supervisors from the department of Education Management, Policy and Curriculum Studies of Kenyatta University were relied upon to establish content and face validity of the instruments. Data analysis was done through means, frequency counts and percentages. The findings of the study revealed that PEV had negative impact on learners' enrolment which decreased gradually from 2535 in 2007 to 2179 in the year 2012. Post Election Violence had negative impact on teaching staff with 87.5 percent economic constraint, 68.8 percent psychological distress, 93.8 percent lost property, and 81.2 percent traumatized. 50 percent of the respondents reported witnessing destruction of the teaching/learning resources which hindered the learning process. The confidence of the school community on public primary schools was found to have dropped rating insecurity (75.0 percent) as a major threat to learning having impacted negatively on pupils' performance. It was also realized that PEV impacted on KCPE pupils' performance which saw a progressively declining negative index in 2008, 2009 and 2010 of -5.6, -3.8 and 1.4 respectively. It is hoped that the findings of this study may help parents, pupils, teachers and the Ministry of Education Science and Technology in addressing the PEV effects responsible for KCPE pupils' dismal performance in day public primary schools in Esise Division, Nyamira County.