Factors influencing implementation of allpro beekeeping project in Kajiado and Mwingi Districts
Project implementation is of major importance as it determines the achievement of the set objectives of a project. It attracts a lot of attention particularly to the beneficiaries and the stakeholders alike and even the general public. Their involvement is of great contribution to its success. The purpose of projects is to improve social and economic status of the people. Kenya has been a net importer of beekeeping products and the challenge has been why the deficit despite the many government and private projects being and having been carried out. The implementation of these projects, design and use of the required tools and techniques needs to be analyzed and ascertained. Four key issues, stakeholder involvement, financing, capacity building and culture have been focused to establish their relationship in the implementation of a beekeeping project. Thus, this study critically evaluated the issues involved in implementation of ASAL Based Livestock and Rural Livelihoods Support Project (ALLPRO) in Mwingi and Kajiado Districts. This research study adapted a descriptive survey design and employed simple and stratified random sampling. The research was conducted using data that is both qualitative and quantitative data. Structured and unstructured questionnaires were used to collect data from the implementers, stakeholders and the beneficiaries of the project. The results showed that there was low stakeholder involvement that contributed to the low performance of implementation of the ALLPRO beekeeping project. Since the typical Kamba and Maasai beekeepers are traditionally unwilling to compromise traditional ties for modern beekeeping practices, culture was found to have greatly influenced implementation in both districts. There were both positive and negative cultural characteristics that influenced implementation. Majority of the respondents identified financing as the key driver. Stakeholder involvement and capacity building were also cited by many respondents, while a number prioritized culture factors. Other indicators that influenced implementation included, proper timing, training and adoption of appropriate technologies for the project. Based on these findings, project coordinators need to find ways to adjust project implementation programmes to involve stakeholders and cope with cultural characteristics of the target beneficiaries.