Factors influencing ex-post evaluation of local NGO projects in Kenya: a case of NGOs operating in Laikipia County
Wanyaga, Joseph Kariuki
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Commencement of Projects can be for commercial purposes or to generate revenues, for sustenance of livelihoods, for eradication of poverty, for humanitarian purposes amongst others. Projects are important for individuals, organizations and different sectors of economy. This study was necessitated by the fact that the sustainability of local NGOs projects at the County level is crucial at such a time of new constitutional dispensation that acknowledges existence of counties in Kenya. In Laikipia county despite presence of these NGOs the poverty rate stands at 48.1% and poverty level is at 46%. If local NGOs look critically the relevance and sustainability of projects, the poverty levels can be levelled downwards in the communities. There exists various factors that influences sustainability and relevance of local NGOs projects through well planned ex-post evaluation. The purpose of this study was to Examine the factors influencing ex-post evaluation of local NGO projects in Kenya, a case of Laikipia County. The research explored factors that included baseline survey results, project management skills, community awareness and characteristics of the beneficiaries that would included religion, education, culture, gender, exposure among others. The review of related literature included historical perspective of local NGOs, models of development, baseline survey, project management skills , community awareness and characteristics of the beneficiaries. Monitoring and Evaluation, project management cycle, project identification and preparation of the project and implementation process was focused. The study used primary and secondary data in order to present a more comprehensive view of the factors influencing ex-post evaluation of local NGO projects in Kenya. The researcher expected to collect data from a sample of 15 out of 45 local NGOs in the county. However 2 of the NGOs were unreachable due to accessibility limitations. For the other groups data collection was achieved by using questionnaire and interview schedule as data collecting instruments. These data was then analysed using statistical Package for Social Scientist ( SPSS). Analysed data was presented through frequency tables and graphical representations. Analysis tools such as measures of central tendency, ANOVA, Chi-square and correlation. from the study findings it was established through association that these four factors influence the ex-post evaluation. The findings of this study highlights the factors influencing ex-post evaluation of local NGO projects in Kenya and therefore promote effective monitoring and ex-post evaluation in the community based projects. This will enhance the community's development agenda from the grassroots and therefore promote project control and ownership. The conclusions made were based on study findings on the dependent variables namely baseline survey, project management skills, community awareness and characteristics of the beneficiaries. Appropriate recommendations that if implemented would contribute immensely to quality, effective and efficient ex-post evaluations of local NGO projects in Kenya. However during the research study there some limitations in terms of accessibility of some parts, this has been highlighted how the researcher dealt with it. Some areas that do require further research have been proposed that would create deeper exploration in Ex-post evaluation.