Investigation of challenges affecting implementation of poverty alleviation projects by Pastoral Integrated Support Progamme (PISP) in Marsabit District, Kenya.
Okumu, Benedict Felix
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Governmental as well as non-governmental organizations have put and are putting a lot of efforts in poverty eradication projects globally in general and Kenya in particular. This is aimed at reducing poverty, improving the quality of people's lives, ensuring environmental sustainability and building partnership to ensure that globalization becomes a positive force to all world people CUNDP, 2003). The implementation of these projects therefore becomes complete with realization of set goals and objectives. Pastoral Integrated Support Programme CPISP) is one of the many non-governmental organizations that work in Marsabit district. It seeks to strengthen resource management and pastoral economic system by promoting community empowerment and strengthening social wellbeing. It is from this goal that PISP started implementing water and sanitation project from 2003 in Maikona and Kargi areas aimed at providing safe drinking water for humans and livestock as well as building latrines to enhance sanitation. This study therefore aimed at investigation of challenges affecting effective implementation of poverty alleviation projects by PISP in Marsabit district. The specific objectives of the study were; to determine the influence of participation of stakeholders to effective implementation of water and sanitation project, to find out the extent that community awareness of project goals and implementation procedures affect effective implementation of the project, to establish the effect of pastoralism to effective implementation of water and sanitation project and to examine the relationship between project sustainability and its effects in implementation of poverty alleviation projects. Descriptive research was used for the study with both primary and secondary data being collected. This was done by use of two sets of questionnaires; one for the project implementing agency and the other for the beneficiaries. Data was then analyzed by use of descriptive statistical methods then presented by use of tables, charts and graphs. It was found out that the following factors affected effective implementation of poverty eradication projects by Pastoral Intergration Support Programme; participation of stakeholders' in project implementation, community awareness of project goals, pastoral nature of the community and the sustainability of the project. Due to PISP putting into consideration these factors, there was effective implementation of poverty eradication projects. This was because stakeholders were involved in project implementation after being made aware of project goals. Also, the community pastoral nature was considered which made project sustainable. Further research should be carried out on similar projects carried out by PISP to find out if are affected by the above factors and also reasons that inhibit more stakeholder participation in projects.