Some of the home environment factors that influence educational and occupational aaspirations of standard eight pupils
Aswani, Jacinta Shieunda
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of some home environment factors on the educational and occupational aspirations of standard eight pupils. The study focused its attention on the following home variables: 1. Parental educational level; 2. Parental occupation; 3. Family size; 4. Parental involvement and 5. Parenthood. Together with the above variables, the influence of birth-order, and gender on educational and occupational aspirations was also investigated. The study was conducted in one of the primary schools in Nairobi City Council selected at random. Once hundred and fifty (75 boys and 75 girls) constituted the study sample. A questionnaire in two parts was used to elicit pertinent data from the respondents. The data was computer analysed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS). A chi-square test of independence was the major test - statistics used in the study plus a t-test and F-test in some parts. The findings of the study showed clearly that the home environment had a significant influence on the pupils' educational and occupational aspirations. It was found that parental level of education; mothers' occupation, parental involvement and parenthood had significant positive influence on the pupils educational and occupational aspirations. Pupils' gender was also found to have a significant association with educational and occupational aspirations. However, Fathers' Occupation, Family size and Birth-order were found to have no relationship with the pupils' educational and occupational aspirations. Although this study is far from being conclusive, it offers support to the results of some other studies carried out both in Kenya and elsewhere. On the basis of these findings, some suggestions for consideration in the future were made. There is need, for example, to extend this kind of study.