Effectiveness of the serves used during the 12th edition of the African volley ball clubs championship
This study involved the analysis of the serves used by the teams, which participated in the 12th edition of African feminine volleyball club championship held in 1997 in Nairobi. A total of 19 matches were pre recorded for this study. A modified volleyball analysis instrument from the developed in 1975 by the United States Volleyball Association was used to collect data for this study. Three well-trained research assistants were used for collection of data. An inter observer reliability test with a reliability coefficient of 0.81 was conducted to correlate the data from the three research assistants. The data collected were expressed in terms of frequencies and percentages. Chi-square at 0.05 level of significance was used to compare the types of the serves used, the one commonly used in this championship and the effectiveness to ineffectiveness to ineffectiveness of each type of serve by a particular team against her opponents. From this study it was found that only three types of serves was used most. It was further found that floater serve was the most effective while Tennis serve was relatively less effective. Jump serve was used least frequently. Besides, it was used by only three teams in this championship and by one particular player in each of the three teams. Other findings indicated a significant difference in the effect of Posta's Pipeline's and Aswab's Tennis serve against their opponents, and Delta Force's Aswab's and Sonel's floater serve against their opponents. Delta Force, Commercial Bank, Union, Inter, Sonel and Kigali did not have a significant impact on their opponents, same observations were found with respect to floater serves by Pipeline, Posta, Commercial Bank Union, Inter and Kigali. This study recommends that feminine African volleyball teams should: (1) Diversify the type of serves they use. (2) Schedule more time for the training of serves in their programmes. (3) Learn about their opponent's weaknesses in order to direct serves accordingly. (4) Review their serve-receive formations according to the strategy of the opponents serve. (5) Training on the serve as a basic and most important aspect in the winning of a volleyball match at the lowest level possible e.g. primary and at the local club levels for proficiency at a latter stages.