Selection and use of instructional resources in English language teaching in selected public secondary schools in Nairobi Province
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Research in language teaching has shown that there is a relationship between the use of resources in teaching of English language and the learners' ability to perform using the language. The purpose of this study was to investigate and document the factors that affect selection and utilization of instructional resources. The objectives of this research were to find out the kind of resources used in teaching of English language, to establish the manner in which teachers of English synchronize instructional resources in various English language topics and skills and to find out the problems teachers of English experience in the selection and use of instructional resources. This study also examined the extent to which the selected instructional resources help teachers to achieve the instructional objectives. The study reviewed previous related researches both globally and locally. It employed a cross-sectional survey type of research; with a target population of 62 public secondary schools in Nairobi province. The study was carried out in Nairobi among selected public secondary schools. The school principals, heads of department, teachers of English and Form 2 English language students formed the study samples. Stratified and purposive sampling techniques were used; the sample size was 14% of the target population of public secondary schools in the province. Data was collected using the following research instruments: observation schedules, a checklist, questionnaires and interview schedules. The data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) where descriptive statistics was generated in form of frequency and percentages. The study showed that teachers were well qualified English language teachers and that they used resources in their classroom while teaching. The most commonly used resource was the course book. The schools had a variety of resources ranging from the computers, radio, television, audio and visual tapes to displays and flat pictures. However, they experienced various challenges in selection and use of resources. The challenges faced included: financial constraints, large size of classes and insufficient time to prepare for use of resources. As a result, some of the resources mainly the radio and television were mostly used for entertainment purposes. Most teachers cited lack of regular seminars and workshops as a challenge to effective use of resources. The conclusions made by the study were as follows: teacher development is important for effective selection and use of instructional resources; teachers used instructional resources for effective implementation of the curriculum. Instructional resources were selected and used according to the lessons' objectives and the nature of the topic. The class size time and cost were impediment to the use of instructional resources. This study finally made recommendations. There should be regular workshops, seminars and other forms of teacher development exercises, also, the class size should be controlled. The government in conjunction with the parents should build and stock libraries. The Ministry of Education should give guidelines on the maximum number of lessons a teacher should teach. Teachers need more training in educational technology.