Factors influencing the performance of Non-Governmental organizations in poverty reduction in Garissa District
Gwaro, Robert Maina
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The central problem of this study was that despite the critical role played by Non Governmental Organizations in promoting the quality of life of the Kenyan people, their performance in poverty reduction in Garissa district is quite dismal. Factors leading to this dismal performance have not been adequately investigated and well understood, hence hindering the reduction of poverty in the country. To this point, the purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing selected Non Governmental Organizations' performance in poverty reduction in Garissa district of North Eastern Kenya. The study sampled the Non-Governmental Organizations using purposive sampling technique the criteria being those directly involved in poverty reduction programmes. There are ten (10) NGOs involved in poverty reduction in the district. The researcher concentrated on 3 organizations out of the l0 in the district. Three was a representative number whose findings were generalized to the rest of the population. The 3 NGOs were selected purposively based on their network in the district and the number of employees they had. Those with network of activities in the three divisions and higher number of employees were considered. Because the management in the three organizations was not big, the researcher targeted all of them in the study. This formed the first stratum. Out of 16 in the management Care Kenya 5, WFP 3 and Action Against Hunger 8. For the employees the researcher randomly selected 30 % from each NGO: Care Kenya 11, WFP 15 and Action Against Hunger 8. This gives a total of 50 respondents from NGOs. As from the opinion leaders the researcher used rotary method to select 30 % from each division Mbalambala had 9, central 12 and Sankuri 7 making a total of28 respondents. In general 78 respondents were involved in the study. However, only 47 employees and 25 community leaders gave valid responses making a total of 72 respondents. Two sets of questionnaires were used. The first one was administered to the NGO management and employees while the second one was administered to the district officer (D.O) and the community opinion leaders. The researcher used drop and pick and self administered approaches on questionnaires. The data was analyzed using qualitative and quantitative techniques. Both descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages and inferential statistics such as Pearson correlation analysis were performed. The findings are presented using tables, charts, graphs and percentages. The study established that resource management both human and financial was not good negatively affecting performance of NGOs. The researcher also established that social-cultural factors negatively affected NGO performance in the area. There was a very weak inter-organizational linkage between NGOs which also challenged their performance. Finally, the level of leadership offered at all levels in the NGO performance had generated a negative effect on NGO performance. The researcher recommends a number of intervention approaches to reverse the effects and enhance performance including improved resource administration and management, integration of cultural practices, increased organizational linkages and an upgrading of leadership skills and strategies.