Factors influencing Kenya certificate of primary education performance: comparative study of public and private primary schools in central division-Kirinyaga district
Gathara, Peter Mugo
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These study the results of a research investigating the factors influencing Kenya Certificate of Primary Education performance among public and private primary schools in Central Division, Kirinyaga district. A sample of ten public and ten private primary schools was selected. For public schools, random sampling was used while purposive sampling was used for private schools. The research is descriptive in nature and the research design used was an intra-national survey. The study utilized three research instruments namely, questionnaires, interviews, and observation schedules. The questionnaires were administered to head teachers, teachers', parents and pupils. The interview was conducted on three education officers one from each zone while all the twenty schools were under observation. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as the mean, percentages and tables while t-test (inferential statistics) was used to show whether there was any significant difference between these schools. The study found out that there was a significant difference in KCPE performance between public and private primary schools in Central division. There are differences in the roles played by parents in both types of schools. The parents are the main suppliers of textbooks and writing materials. There was a difference in the professional support provided to schools in favour of public primary schools. In the school environments, there was a significant difference in teacher and pupils expectations, availability of physical facilities and problems experienced by each. The study recommended sharing of facilities between schools and provision of professional support to all types of schools. In-service courses should be encouraged to all teachers and parental participations should be encouraged in all schools.