Analysis of factors influencing motivation of employees in state parastatals (a case study of Kenya Bureau of Standards)
Analysis of factors influencing motivation of employees is a critical activity in the enhancement of human resource management. Due to low motivation among KESS employees, the delivery of anticipated products and services do not meet the expectations of the wide variety of her clients. The objectives of this study were to identify factors influencing motivation of employees in state parastatals and to conduct in-depth analysis of these factors with a view to obtaining viable alternative solutions towards enhancement of employees' motivation. While executing the study, motivation has been treated as the dependent variable while the independent variables included employee reward and compensation, employee relations, staff training and development, and, promotions and career development. The methodology adopted for conducting the research study was the descriptive and diagnostic research design; all the KESS employees formed the population 'from which a sample was drawn using stratified random sampling method. Data collection was done using questionnaires and face to face interviews. Data analysis was done using descriptive statistics for measures of both dispersal and central tendencies. At the end of the research studies, the significant factors influencing employee motivation in Kenya Sureau of Standards were adequately identified as being among others, employment relationship; reward and compensation management; staff training and development; and, staff promotion and career progression. The data analysis showed that employees are grossly dissatisfied with the way these important components of human resource administration have been managed at KESS. The results have shown that employee motivation is very low and unsuitable for effective productivity. Recommendations for adoption by managers of KESS and other state parastatals, to yield increased employee motivation and improved performance in the organizations suggested.