The challenges faced by the Board of Governors (BOG) in the management of secondary schools and their impact on KCSE performance: a case of Mandera County, North Eastern province, Kenya
Adan, Hussein Ibrahim
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Secondary schools in Kenya are governed by Board of Governors (BoG). The composition and responsibilities of BoG was enacted in the Education Act of 1968. The Act gave BoG the power to carry out management activities in all public secondary schools in line with legal framework provided in the Act. However, the BoG has remained quite challenged in carrying out their duties in public secondary schools in Mandera County. The aim of this study was to find out managerial problems faced by BoG in governing public secondary schools in Arid and Semi _-arid regions especially in Mandera County. The study was conducted in five public secondary schools in Mandera County of North Eastern province. The study involved a survey design of the five selected secondary schools in the County. A total of 30 members out of 65 BoG members and all the five principals of the selected secondary schools in the Mandera County formed part of the study population. Random sampling techniques were used to select six board members out of the thirteen members in each school. Therefore, a total of 30 BoG Members out of 65 members were selected. Questionnaires were used as instrument for data collection. An interview schedule was used to capture information from some of the BoG members who were not able to read and write. The questionnaires were of two categories. The first category was given to the principals of the five secondary schools and the second category was given to the selected BoG members. The questionnaires were pre-tested by using a selected sample similar to the actual sample to test its validity and reliability. Analysis of the data was done using descriptive statistics. Both qualitative and quantitative methods of data analysis were employed. In terms of quantitative analysis, all the gathered data was analyzed using descriptive statistics by use of frequency tables, pie charts, percentages and bar graphs. Qualitatively, the data was analyzed thematically by categorizing the data into themes in relation to the opinion, views and perception of the respondents. This method is quick and easy when employed in analyzing transcripts of oral interviews and interview schedules as well as questionnaires which are the key instruments in data collection for the study. Recorded interviews were transcribed; interview done in mother tongue was translated into English and interpretation done according to the emerging patterns from the respondents. The study has achieved its objectives by establishing that the main challenges faced by BoG in the management of secondary schools in Mandera County as financial constraints, insufficient teaching and learning resources, less management training for some BoG members and lack of commitment by some board members to school issues as shown by poor attendance of the meetings. However, management styles used by BoG members was found not to be a major challenge because majority of the board members used democratic leadership style which involved consultation among BoG members. The findings of the study may be used by the policy-makers in identifying challenges affecting the BoG’s in discharging their duties, which in turn affect the performance of students in the Kenya Certificate of Second-any Education in Mandera County, North Eastern Province MCC.