The role of the Catholic Church in provision of education in general and in particular primary education: a case study of Machakos Catholic Diocese
Mwangangi, Leornard Isika
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This study attempted to investigate the role of the Catholic Church in provision of Education focusing on Machakos Catholic Diocese. The study established that the Catholic Church participated fully during missionary period in establishing western education in Kenya in the 19th Century, which also included what is now Machakos Diocese. It is evident that the values the school as an instrument of evangelization. The code of Cannon Law, Canon 795 states ‘‘Education must pay regarded to the formation of the whole person, so that all may attain their eternal destiny and at the same time promote the common good of the society. Children and young persons are therefore to be cared for in such a way that their physical, moral, and intellectual talents develop in a harmonious manner, so that they may attain a greater sense of responsibility and a right use of freedom and be formed to take an active part in social life. '' This statement from the code of Canon law points out clearly that the church views education in its right perspective. However, after Kenya attained independence and with the implementation of Education Act 1968, the church handed over its established and managed schools to local authorities and assumed the role of a sponsor. The Catholic Diocese of Machakos seems to have withdrawn quietly from its sponsored schools and very little efforts have been put towards setting up its own Catholic Schools. This study has found out that the Catholic priest and the Catholic faithful in Machakos Diocese would wish their church to take up a more active and participatory role in Education for the church by its very nature is a mother and a teacher and it can not afford to take a back sit in the field of Education. This study acknowledges the policy Document for Catholic Education in Kenya 2000 as a big step towards churches provision of Education and fully recommends that the Catholic Diocese of Machakos studies this Document and implements it. The basic objective of this study was to investigate the role of the Catholic Church in Provision of Education with focus on Machakos Catholic Diocese and suggest ways in which this role can be strengthened. The way forward is taking a participatory role in education matters and not be contented with being a sponsor by title.
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