A study of administrative problems faced by secondary headteachers in Kiamokama Division, Kisii Central District
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The major purpose of this project was to find out the current administrative problems that are faced by head teachers of Kiamokama Educational Division in Kisii Central District. Ten schools were selected randomly for the study. All the seventeen schools in the division could not be used for the research because of the poor state of the roads during the rainy season. The tools used for the research were the questionnaires and interviews. All the head teachers were given questionnaires and also interviewed. Two teachers from each school and two students were given questionnaires to complete. Lastly, the BOG and PTA Chairmen were interviewed. The data collected were analyzed using tables that showed frequencies and percentages. After the data were analyzed it was found that head teachers face a lot of problems in administering their schools. Some of the problems they encountered were: 1. Lack of funds which lead to lack of teaching and learning facilities. Many schools lacked equipped laboratories and libraries. The lack of funds they said was a result of parents failing to pay the school fees. The parents complained about the poor economy and ended up not paying fees or contributing in worthwhile fundraising exercises. The schools therefore continued having serious financial problems. 2. Lack of enough teachers was a problem experienced by all the schools. The cause they said was non-posting of teachers by the TSC. Some of the subjects that were understaffed were the languages and the science subjects. 3. It was also found that many parents were illiterate and did not understand the value of school or education in general. They failed to encourage their children to work hard in school and also did not see any need to provide for their children materials needed for learning. Many parents also failed to turn up for PTA meetings or disciplinary meetings. 4. Some headteachers faced problems in supervision of instruction. They found that their many duties left them little time to supervise instruction and the teachers were also uncooperative. 5. Some schools experienced very unique problems e.g. a. Communities are hostile to the headteachers who do not come from their own communities. b. Conflicts between the PTA and BOG on which committee should take supremacy. c. Poverty among the community surrounding the school. On the basis of the data collected the researcher recommend that: 1. There is need to educate the parents on their roles in the education of their children and the need for them to team up with the teachers, if their children are to get quality education. 2. The government should look for alternative ways of funding the schools other than using the parents especially in poverty stricken areas where parents are unable to pay fees or contribute to projects. 3. The headteachers should attend seminars and be in-serviced to gain more knowledge in administration. 4. The headteachers should hold regular meetings where they can discuss their problems and exchange views on how they can solve them. 5. The roles of the PTA and BOG should be clearly spelt out. 6. The headteachers should be appointed on merit and be subjected to interviews before appointment.