Analysis of style and themes in J.M.coetzee novel: disgrace
Kamau, Joseph Wahome
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The study evaluates the role of J.M. Coetzee plays in addressing the social political and economic concerns of his society. It also establishes Coetzee’s opinion as the social, political and economic drama of post apartheid South Africa unfolds. In order to analyse themes and features of styles in the selected text, we employ two theoretical frameworks, Foucault’s perception of power, authority, knowledge and truth within the wider postmodernism theory. In his analysis, Foucault demonstrate how power and authority is exercised in our societies, he also questions the concept of a singular objective truth that is transcendental instead he advocates for multiple and situated knowledge. The theory is appropriate in analyzing the experience of South Africa society which for a very long time has been experimenting disharmony that seem to emerge from the knowledge various individuals and communities hold over each other, as a result different attitudes about each other has emerged which in turns inform their social political and economic relationships. Stylistic theory is important for this study for it help us analyse the language of the text. As new knowledge emerges, language is no longer viewed as an instrument that is used to carry a text message but it is viewed as part of that message. Hence we have used this theory to explore how the selected text utilizes symbolism, allusion, irony and paradox to enhance communication about post apartheid South Africa social, political and economic realities. The study is divided into four main chapters; Chapter one forma the introduction, while chapter two evaluate thematic concerns, chapter three analyses features of style whereas chapter four concluded our study. This is a qualitative library research that involves textual and historical analyses. The study uses purposive sampling method. Data from both primary and secondary texts is analysed to provide historical and textual contexts in which to evaluate Coetzee’s concerns and opinions about post apartheid South Africa.