Nurture as the basis for individual development: with special reference to children's right in Kenya
Buya, Carolyne Sophy
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The purpose of this study was to clarify the concept of nurture, whose understanding is prerequisite to facilitating individual development. This led to the analysis and discussion of nurture in its historical context and the duties of each of its relevant instruments in facilitating the actualization of fundamental human characteristics, which in the case of children are present in potency. Since each of the instruments of nurture is on its own limited in carrying out its duty of nurturing, this study explored the importance of the instruments working together in harmony. The central thesis in. this study is that a clear understanding of nurture and harmony among its instruments is central to the realization of individual development, which is an inalienable human right. The study was based on the assumptions that proper nurture determining individual development and i:i indispensable for the enhancement of children rights, further, the disablement of individuals in. society is as a result of lack of harmony between the instruments of nurture. These assumptions were conceptually proved mainly through library research. Data was collected on varied concepts and views regarding nurture in its historical context, individual development and human (children) rights. These were subjected to analysis, criticism, discussion and argumentation in order to clarify, evaluate and determine their meaning, underlying assumptions and justification. The findings of this study are that nurture is in most literature, knit to the nurture - nature debate in which the main question is: which of them influences how one behaves and what one becomes in future? The study appreciated nature only with regard to the innate characteristics of human beings such as rationality, sociality and morality. But nurture becomes paramount in the realization of what nature imbeds in children. The study understood nurture as the process of facilitating individual development, which not only constitutes physical growth but also the actualization of important human potential and characteristics such as rationality, criticality and individuality. This study examined the various forms of violations of children rights, whose cause it found out to be a misconception of nurture and lack of harmony among the instruments of nurture. The research has led to the conclusion that nurture is every child's right Which can be effectively administered after a proper understanding of the concept and its place in individual development, with harmony being maintained among its various instruments.