Female Teachers’ Participation in the Management of Competitive Sports Programmes in Secondary Schools in Taita-Taveta County, Kenya
Ngeti, Robert Ndambo
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The purpose of the study was to assess the female teachers’ participation in the management of competitive sports programmes in secondary schools in Taita Taveta County, Kenya. The specific factors that were investigated included; type of school, age, education level, marital status, facility availability and psychosocial factors. The study adopted descriptive survey research design. The study target population was 175 female teachers from 61 public secondary schools selected through stratified random sampling procedure. The schools were divided into single sex (boys and girls only) and mixed schools. The questionnaire was used as the main instrument for data collection. Using Alpha Cronbach, its reliability was obtained to be α=0.732. A total number of 108 questionnaires were administered to the Secondary school teachers in the County as the selected sample. 90 teachers responded giving a response rate of 83.3%. The data was coded and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Descriptive statistics frequencies and percentages were used to analyze the characteristics of the respondents, while hypotheses were tested using chi-square and ANOVA. The ANOVA results revealed that there is no statistically significant difference between participation of the female teacher in sports and the type of school they teach. Age yielded χ2 =2.443; df = 4; p =0.295, an indication that age had no influence on the frequency of female teachers’ participation in competitive sports management in Taita Taveta County. Marital status of female teachers in Taita Taveta County did not significantly influence their frequency of participation in the management of competitive sports programmes. Level of education and Type of school did not have significant influence on competitive sports management. Moreover, adequacy of sports facilities and equipment yielded χ2= 1.00, df = 4 and P value 0.262, an indication that facilities did not significantly influence the female teachers’ participation in competitive sports management in Taita Taveta County. It was, therefore concluded that Age, Marital status and Education level of the female teachers did not affect their participation in sports management. The type of school did not affect participation in the management of sports among female teachers in Taita Taveta County. Availability of facilities and equipment had an impact on female teachers’ participation in sports management in Taita Taveta County. The study recommends that the school administrations and managements ensure that schools have basic sporting facilities which are well maintained to encourage the female teachers to get involved. A need for equal chances in the sports programmes management by female teachers since demographic characteristics do not affect sport participation. The ministry of education should also formulate policies that will ensure that female athletes, teams and competitions are managed by female managers. Further research on motivation and measures to improve women participation in sports and a comparative study on male and female teachers should be conducted in the county.