Influence of parental socioeconomic status on educational placement of female students with hearing impairment. A case of Jada Special Secondary School Adamawa State, Nigeria
Magaji, Yahya Umar
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This study was undertaken to determine the influence of parental socioeconomic status on the educational placement of female students with hearing impairment in Jada special school, Adamawa State, Nigeria. Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used in collecting the data. Parental socioeconomic status and educational placement of female students with hearing impairment were the independent and dependent variable respectively. The sampling frame comprised of 379 female students with hearing impairment, 46 teachers and 290 parents totaling 715. Simple random sampling techniques and purposive sampling were used in selecting 38 students, 15 teachers and 36 parents proportional to the sizes of the constituents of the sampling frame, making a sample of all respondents. A pilot survey was conducted at special school Bauchi to validate the instruments of data collection. Questionnaire and interview schedules were used for data collection, which were analyzed using special Package for social sciences (SPSS). Results revealed that 37.9% of parents that have certificates from tertiary, education preferred special schools for their female children. On the other hand, nature of occupation of most (34.5%) self-employed parents influenced the educational placement of their female children. Results also revealed that parent's educational qualification was closely related to educational placement of female children with hearing impairment. Also, majority (75%) of the teachers recommended the use of sign language as their instructional method. Results finally revealed' that well - educated parents were more in support of their children's education by timely payment of school fees (33%) and homework. It is therefore recommended that parents without educational background and those with low level of literacy should endeavors to provide private lesson to their children during weekends and holidays. Teachers of students with hearing impairment should be given regular trainings and workshops to keep them abreast with modem teaching and hearing techniques.