Determinants of sustainability of women’s development projects funded by Non- Governmental Organizations Kisumu Central, Kenya
Adhola, Grace Achieng’
MetadataShow full item record
Although NGOs and other donor agencies play a crucial role in supporting development projects some development projects are not sustained and mostly collapse shortly after withdrawal of donor support. Out of this concern, this study focused on the determinants of sustainability of the development projects funded by NGOs. The study focused on the development project in Kisumu central sub-county, Kenya. The objectives that guided the study were: to investigate the categories of activities within the women development projects funded by NGOs, identify challenges faced by women development projects funded by NGOs and identify strategies put in place by the NGOs for upholding sustainability of women‟s development projects funded by the NGOs in Kisumu central sub-county. The study was guided by two theories, institutional theory advanced by Scot (2004) and economic theory by Meyer, (1983).The study used the descriptive design approach. The total number of registered NGOs in the sub-county was 50 but WIFIP (women in the fishing industry) and K-MET (Kenya Medical Trust Fund) were purposively sampled since they specifically fund women development projects. The total number of projects funded by K-MET were 15 whereas in WIFIP they were 12,using systematic random sampling, the 17 and 12 third projects were selected giving a total of 4 projects funded by K-MET and 3 funded by WIFIP giving a total of 7 projects. From all the projects there were 500 beneficiaries. Nineteen percent was computed giving a total of 96 respondents. This was used to form 12 focus group discussions (FGDs) comprising eight members per project. Six project leaders from WIFIP and 7 from K-MET, 5 finance managers from WIFIP were also chosen while from K-MET there were 7 selected. Officer in charge from the ministry of gender and social service and the regional NGO coordinators were purposefully selected as key informants‟ .Research instruments for data collection were questionnaires for project coordinators from the two NGOs, focus group discussion guide for the women beneficiaries from the selected projects and an interview guide for government official. Observation was also done in the course of data collection mostly to confirm some of the information gathered during interviews .Data analysis was done using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) whereby descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages were computed. The study findings revealed that beneficiaries‟ involvement, training on project management and stakeholder need analysis are key in sustainability of women development projects. The study recommends that the county government should come up with programs that can help women generate funds without collaterals. The county government in conjunction with the ministry of Gender, Children and Social Services should create women specific „Kiti‟ which can lend money to women at affordable interest rates. The NGOs should be encouraged to involve the stake holders at all stages of project development. The government in collaborations with non-government organizations should work in close partnership to develop a training package on issues of gender balance putting more emphasis on practical; gender needs and strategic gender wants which hinder them from participating fully in the development process as this affects the sustainability of the funded projects.