An analysis of the factors affecting KCSE performance in Secondary Schools : a case of Bomet District
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that have lend to low performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education (KCSE) Examinations in Kenya and in Bomet District in particular. Internationally, education was the fundamental means and social process whereby individuals gain and develops knowledge, skills, values, attitudes and optimum personal growth. All these were crucial for the sustenance of the whole fabric of the society. Kenya is committed to the provision of quality education. Quality has to do with the degree of achievement as evidenced by the performance in national examinations. At Secondary school level, it was the performance in KCSE that determined, to some extend, the level of achievement. The research study tried to establish the factors that affect the performance of schools in the KCSE Examination in Kenya in general and Bomet District in particular. Training and development was an issue that had to be faced by every organization. Cole (1997) stated that the amount and quality of training carried out varies enormously from one organization to another. Flippo (1984) notes that after an employee had been recruited, selected and inducted, he or she must have been developed to better fit the job and the organization. He noted that no one was a perfect fit at the time of hiring and some training and education must take place. It was hoped that when teachers and field officers undergo in-service courses, their performance improves and their skills change. However, a lot of resources were used to train teachers, especially head teachers and education officers, but many schools continue to perform poorly. Docking J.W (1980) noted that the school discipline involves the whole school community. A school has a set of guidelines by which certain routines are operated on. Physical facilities and motivation of staff and students had been cited by education stakeholders as some of the factors that affect performance in schools. However, most schools had. tried to put up modern physical facilities and motivated their staff but their performance had not improved. It was for these reasons that this study was based to establish whether these factors- human resource management, staff training, discipline, learning/teaching resources and motivation - have had any impact at all in school performance, particular in Bomet District. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data; the researcher summarized the data using percentages and cross tabulation. The target population was all the 70 schools in Bomet. District officials were interviewed through questionnaire guide. It was expected that the suggestions and recommendations in the study would lead to the improvement of performance in KCSE examinations in future.