Determinants of pre-primary school teachers' use of teaching aids to enhance instruction in Isinya Sub-County, Kenya
Makau, Agnes Nzisa
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Teaching should entail more than just workbooks and textbooks. It should engage learners and make them part of learning. Schooling is one of the means that society prepares their young ones for the future. For children to learn and develop child friendly environment is necessary. Use of teaching and learning aids creates such a friendly environment. Teaching aids are materials used by the teacher to supplement classroom learning or to stimulate learning. The purpose of this study was to establish pre-primary school teachers' use of teaching aids to enhance learning in pre-primary schools in Isinya Sub-County and the factors influencing their use. The study was carried out in Isinya Sub-county, Kenya. The target population was pre-primary school teachers in selected schools in Isinya Sub- County. The theory that guided the study was cognitive constructivism learning theory by Perry William which views learning as a process of active discovery. The study adopted a descriptive cross sectional research design, this enabled collection of information on attitude, opinion and habits of preschool teachers with aim of teaching aids. Cluster sampling technique was also employed. Data was collected through the use of questionnaire and observational checklist. A sample size of 20 schools of the target population was drawn from the pre-schools. Test retest method was conducted to check for reliability of the instruments. Validity was ensured using content validity to make sure research instruments measure what they were intended to measure. Quantitative and qualitative methods were used to analyse data. Data were presented using tables, graphs and pie charts. The study revealed that most teachers adopted only one teaching aid with majority using black/white board. The study further revealed that several factors influenced the use of teaching aids in pre-schools which included; non-availability of teaching aids, teachers' attitude and perceptions on particular teaching aids. Strategies that can be used to improve the use of teaching aids in pre-schools including improvisation of teaching aids from locally available resources, creating awareness to teachers on the importance of using teaching aids and use of computerized teaching aids.