Rhetorical Structure of the Results and Conclusion Sections in Selected Journals of Applied Linguistics
Mutinda, Veronica Munanie
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This study dealt with genre analysis of research article (RA) Results and Discussion sections in journals published in Applied Linguistics. The research articles were related to English language education. The study investigated the Rhetorical Structure and described the rhetorical functions of the aforementioned research article sections. It also investigated if there are any differences and/or similarities between the rhetorical structures of the results and discussion sections of research articles in journals published in Applied Linguistics. To do this the study was guided by Swales' (1990,2004), Yang & Allison (2003) and Kanoksilapatham (2007) move structure models to study the results section. To study the discussion section this study was guided by Swales' (1990), Yang & Allison (2003) and Rasmeenin (2006) move models. The situated qualitative research design was used to purposively select ten (10) research articles each from ten journals selected through non-probability sampling methods. These were journals published in Applied Linguistics in the year 2012. The Genre Theory was used to guide the exercise of analyzing the data. This study aimed to provide insight in the field of Applied Linguistics and particularly in genre analysis of academic texts. It was found that the rhetorical structure of both Results and Discussions sections were similar in terms of the number of moves found but a difference was noted in terms of the focus of each section. Both sections had six moves and the focus of the results section was to report results whereas the discussion section in a RA served to explain the results of the study. This knowledge will not only assist upcoming academicians to fit in their specific discourse communities but also help in teaching of research article writing. This is to say that it will help learners understand the process of effective communication and organization of ideas in writing the genre under study.