The challenges of implementing federal system of Government: The case of south central zone of Somalia
Fidow, Abubakar Farah
MetadataShow full item record
Somalia was divided into separate groups by international community; Somali land Puntland and South central Somalia. South central Somalia is the largest and more populous then other parts and the study carried out in south central Somalia. The study investigated the challenges of implementing federal system of government in South Central Somalia based on available body of knowledge about the topic. Despite autonomous administration in some parts of the country, there is need for understanding of the consequences of federalism. Therefore, this study was undertaken to determine the factors that led to establishment of a federal system of government. The research also examined the problems which have been experienced in the process of implementation of the federal system of government and suggested the possible solutions to its success. The researcher did this by seeking views among the people of Somalia. Various methods of data collection were used; these included primary and secondary sources such as published letters, magazines and books. The researcher used various techniques for collecting primary data which included; participant observations, questionnaires, focus group discussions and interviews. The target population included government officers and ordinary people with information on challenges, obstacles and barriers of applying federal system in Somalia. The study was thematic based on research objectives. Analysis was done by identifying and categorizing key variables, emerging issues and themes so as to allow the researcher to draw conclusions. The study concluded that, reforming the security and justice sectors was significant to solving the challenges being faced. Also, it will take the combined commitment and engagement of authorities, civil society and the international community to develop sustainable and effective security and justice institutions that are fit for the purpose.