Interpretation of literary aspects in Kiswahili novel: impact of cooperative approach on learners' perfomance in secondary schools of Yatta, Kenya
Dande, Nancy Awuor
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The classroom situation when teaching novel to secondary school students according to recent studies indicate that learners are passive and unable to respond critically because literature lessons are often too teacher centred. Such a situation is the opposite of what a literature classroom should be like with regard to instructional approaches in literature. Various concerns have been raised regarding the wide Kiswahili syllabus which includes novel and how all this can be covered within the short stipulated time. Most Kiswahili teachers have therefore opted for teacher centred instructional approaches with the assumption that a lot of content will be covered. This discourages critical thinking amongst learners. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of cooperative approach as an instructional strategy on performance in Kiswahili novel. The findings of this study will be beneficial to students, teachers and curriculum innovators especially with regard to the proposed approaches of teaching novel by various scholars. The Social interdependence theory which states that cooperation tends to induce and be induced by mutual assistance, exchange of needed resources and trust will guide this study. The independent variable (cooperative approach) will be manipulated by the researcher to determine its effect on the dependent variable (performance in Kiswahili novel). This is a true Experimental survey whereby a pre-test / post-test paradigm will be used to establish any relationship between variables after treatment. The target population includes all form three secondary school students in Yatta sub-county and their Kiswahili teachers, a total of 1667. From the accessible population, the sample size will be 4 secondary schools. This will be done through purposive sampling and a total of 168 respondents will participate representing 10% of the total population. Questionnaires, observation schedules and standardized tests will be used in data collection. Validity and reliability of the instruments will be ensured by use of specific techniques. Analysis of data will be done using qualitative and quantitative methods. Measures of variability and correlation techniques will be employed to determine the degree of relationships between variables of this study whereby a significance level of p<0.05 will be accepted.
- OGR-School of Education