Community funds of knowledge in enhancing curriculum instruction in early childhood development centres in central division, Turkana county Kenya
Omakada, David Kampala
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The provision of Early Childhood Development and Education (ECDE) is growing rapidly and has received increased policy attention worldwide. For instance, equitable access to quality ECDE is increasingly viewed by policy makers as a way of strengthening the foundations of lifelong learning for all children and is anchored on the use of community local resources, yet there is no clear research that has harnessed the knowledge on the use of funds of knowledge for learning. The research in this area would help teachers' to interpret or use concrete materials from households for learning. This study was meant to fill in knowledge regarding the use of funds of knowledge in Kenya' ECDE centres. The aim ofthis study was to find out the extent of use of community funds of knowledge in enhancing curriculum instruction in Turkana central Division in Turkana County. The objectives of the study were as follows: to determine the extent of use of funds of knowledge that include local language, games and plays, songs and stories, resource persons and learning materials from the local community, to establish the teachers' and education officials awareness and knowledge on the use of community local language, plays and games, songs and stories, teaching and learning materials from the local community in enhancing curriculum instruction in ECDE in Turkana central Division in Turkana county and to establish the level of support provided by parents in the use of community funds of knowledge in ECDE in Turkana central Division Turkana county. To achieve this, the study used descriptive research design using the survey method to obtain qualitative data and basic statistical data quantitatively. The target population was 70 ECDE teachers and 30 Head teachers from all 30 ECDE centres, 20 County Education officers and 150 parents (PTA members) from all 30 ECDE centres in the division. The researcher used stratified random sampling to obtain the samples. The samples consisted of 25 ECDE teachers, 10 Head teachers in charge of all ECDE in the division, 6 county Education officers and 24 parents and community members. Questionnaire, interview schedules, observation checklist and focus group discussion (FGDs) was used to collect data from the respondents. Data was analyzed by objectives using deep narratives of themes ;enerated from the data. Descriptive statistics was used to present data that was numerical. The findings from the study indicate that teachers had inadequate information and understanding on what community funds of knowledge that can be used in curriculum instruction is all about. This was evident when their source of instructional materials was mostly (100%) based on sticks, wooden blocks and bottletops. It also found that there little support from the parents due to lack of knowledge and awareness on their roles, functions and responsibilities in ECDE centres. The researcher however recommends that through sensitization and awareness creation, the community and the teachers should be educated on the sources and importance of community funds of knowledge that could be used to enhance instruction in ECDE centre and more so in Turkana county, and also the government to strengthen policies that promote an integrated and local adaption of ECDE programmes with descriptions of the benefit of ECDE centres programmes and idea of indigenous knowledge.