The impact of rule changes on the goals scored in the US'94 soccer tournament
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The object of the game of soccer is to score and to avoid conceding goals. Goals are a key feature of the sport. However. the low scoring rate at the 1990 edition of the world cup led to the amendments of the rules prior to the 1994 edition. This study aimed at establishing the trend of scoring at the US'94 soccer tournament bearing in mind the rule amendments, This study was retrospective in nature as it Involved analysing the data that was derived from the "world cup USA statistics 1994". The results were presented using percentages, frequencies, means and tables. Among other findings, it was established that: the scoring rate went up (2.71) compared to ltalia'90 (2.21) per match; the run- of play yielded most goals (67.4%) compared to the standard situations (32.6%); more goals were scored In the second half compared to the first and extra time; more goals were scored by the feet (82.3%) compared to headers (17.7%); most goals were scored from the penalty box (80.9%) compared to those from outside (19.1%); strikers accounted for most goals scored (66.7%), compared to 24. 8% and 7.8% for the mid field and defending players respectfully. Additionally, the peak time for scoring was between the 76m and 90th minutes, which accounted for .19.9%-of all the goals scored. The improved scoring rate by the strikers, the fruitful solo efforts, and the productive free kicks were attributed to the amended rules pertaining to the tackles from behind, positioning of the defensive wall, and over-all strict enforcement of the rules by the referees. The amended rules contributed to the offensive play that characterised this tournament. It was concluded that experimentation of rules before implementation was a fruitful exercise. It is a~ vital that players ere prepared technically, tactically, physically and mentally to be able to cope with the demands of a tournament such as the world cup.