Causes of armed ethnic conflict and the implication for peace education in Nakuru county, Kenya
Wangeci, N. L.
Njoroge, M. N.
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This study sought to find out the causes of ethnic armed conflict in Nakuru County and the implication for peace education. The study objectives were to find out peoples' experiences and constructions of armed ethnic conflict. The study adopted a case study using phenomenology research design based on qualitative procedures. The population of the study was ethnic communities in Nakuru County which included children, teachers, and parents,' leaders and other stake-holders. The sample size comprised a total of 18 children, 9 Head teachers, and 18 class teachers for the study. It also comprised 18 parents and guardians for both male and female-headed households. Four instruments were used to collect data: an interview schedule, open-ended questionnaire, Focused Group Discussions and essay writing. Data collected was qualitative and its organization, analysis, and interpretation were guided by Hycer's Explicitation Method. Findings revealed that land, politicians, and media were causative factors of armed ethnic conflict. The study therefore recommended government to resolve land issues, and that politicians and the media to be an instrument of peace and co-existence.