Gender- Based Analysis of Percieved Stress Levels among Secondary School Students in Kenya
Muniu, Robert K.
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Stress is present in day to day activities providing motivation for living. This form of stress does not bother a majority of people since through experience they learn to cope with it, however, major events in people's lives bring about great changes in levels of stress. Students undergoing courses in an education system view examinations as a major life event. In Kenya, examinations playa major role in the determination of an individual's future. This study therefore, sought to find out if there were significant differences between boys and girls who participate in sports and non-sports participants in their levels of stress as the examinations approached. This was done by comparing within the genders and also between the genders. The target population was 17 national schools in Kenya and the sample size was 480 students, comprising of 224 girls and 245 boys, The data collection instrument used was a questionnaire measuring the perceived stress levels. Data was analyzed using a one way ANOVA and an independent t- test. Results indicate that as the examinations approached, there was significant difference in stress levels between sports active boys and non-sports active boys; there was no significant difference between sports active and non-sport active girls and,' there was a significant difference between sports active boys and girls. From the findings, it is recommended that there is need to introduce sports for all students in schools in addition to the elite sports that are already in existence. More emphasis should be put on sports participation by girls whose level and intensity of participation Was lower than that of boys.