The relationship between pornography viewing and sexually aggressive behaviours among male students in selected Universities in Kenya
Wamathai, Ann Njoki
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Pornography viewing has become a widespread social phenomenon in the world; Kenya notwithstanding. Studies have indicated that pornography viewing is correlated to sexual aggressive behaviours among college students. Using the Social Learning Theory and Confluence Model of Sexual Aggression, this study sought to examine the relationships between pornography viewing and sexual aggressive behaviours among male students in selected universities in Kenya. The study also sought to fmd out the extent and nature of pornographic materials used, reasons for pornography viewing and extent of sexual aggressive behaviours among students. The study adopted a correlational research design. The study population consisted of 530 students and four students' counselors. Proportionate random was used to obtain a sample of four universities for the study. The topic being sensitive in nature, convenience sampling technique was employed to select the sample of 530 students' participants. Students' counselors were purposively sampled from the selected universities. A reliability coefficient of the instrument was 0.72. A mixed method approach was used for data collection. Quantitative data was collected using closed and open ended questions while a structured interview guide were used to collect qualitative data. Quantitative data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi square and Pearson correlation coefficient while the qualitative data was analyzed thematically. The study found out that students used various sources of pornographic materials; magazines, videos, television or internet at 77%, and images depicting sexual intercourse at 58%. Almost half of the students (48%) indicated they viewed pornography to satisfy their curiosity, followed by 43% to acquire information about sexuality and for entertainment (43%).The average frequency of sexual aggressive behavior stood at 21% while getting her/him drunk/high in order to convince her/him to have sex strategy was the strongest predictor of regarding pornography viewership with highest standardized coefficients ~ of 0.129. The multiple regression model to test whether there was relationship between frequency of exposure to pornography and sexual aggressive behaviours was statistically significant (F= l.827, df=6), p= 0.049 significant at 0.05 level). The multiple regression coefficient R was 0.356 and R2= 0.365. This was reaffirmed by test of the full logistic regression model which was also statistically significant, indicating that the predictors as a set reliably distinguished between respondents who noted that that noted that it is harmful at X2= 12.222, p=0.032, P < 0.05. This indicated a moderately strong relationship between pornography viewing and sexually aggressive behaviours that could put the pornography viewers at risk if not addressed. The study has therefore, contributed knowledge on pornography use and sexual aggressive behaviours among male students in universities in Kenya. Further, the study recommends creation of awareness of effects of pornography use and the need for strong policies and programmes to regulate pornography production and consumption so as to prevent the psychological and social harms to consumers.