Contribution of Physical Classroom Conditions on Children Learning in Early Childhood Centres in Engineer Zone, Nyandarua County,Kenya
Njeri, Wainaina Phyllis
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The mushrooming of Early Childhood Centres in Kenya and other environmental factors have given rise to many challenges in ECD education in the country. The challenges continue to change the conditions in which the children find themselves in learning as well as their performance. This research project focused on the contributions of the classroom physical conditions on the learning of children in Early Childhood Centres in Engineer zone. orth Kinangop Division, Nyandarua County. This study sought to establish the contributions of teaching materials, the creativity of the teacher in organization and the physical environment. to the extent that these factors affected learning in pre-schools. The study was based on Conditions of Learning theory put forward by Robert Gagne in 1985, which stresses on the importance of classroom conditions in facilitating better learning. In this particular research, the descriptive research design was employed using the survey method to obtain the data that was manipulated to give results of the project. The method was both preferable and convenient, since taking a representative sample made it easier to carry out an in-depth analysis of the problem. Further, the whole population could not be accessed by the researcher, which made the researcher to use a representative sample. Thus, representative samples for the study were obtained from the population using the stratified sampling technique, and grouped into strata for analysis. The data obtained from the study was analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively to give the desired information about the population. The study established that some of the centres in this area did not have good conditions in terms of availability of materials, ventilation in the classroom. enough space and playing grounds, which may affect the learning ability of the children. The conditions have an effect on the children's emotional, social as well as mental development. which are important factors in the learning ability and performance of the child. Research has often centred in the identification of problems and issues behind the poor performance in some Early Childhood Centres of which in this study, the government was put on the spotlight by neglecting some developments concerning the Early Childhood Centres in the country. This was due to the reluctance in construction of enough classrooms and provision of adequate instructional materials as well as failing to ensure that maintenance of facilities is done in early childhood centres across the country. This research provided a crucial link between the classroom physical conditions and the level of learning of pre-school children. It also created grounds for recommendations to the relevant stakeholders in pre-schools to create, develop and improve the physical conditions in the class room for a better learning environment.