Analysis of predictors of participation in learning among learners with cerebral palsy in special and regular schools in Thika Municipality, Kiambu County, Kenya
The purpose of this study was to analyze predictors of participation in learning among learners with cerebral palsy in special and regular schools in Thika Municipallity, Kiambu county,Kenya.objectives of study were factors within the school that predict participation of learners with CP, opinion of teachers towards children with CP in a classroom and identify challenges faced by learners with CP in relation to participation in learning. The study was based on social learning theory wich posits that, people learn from one another via observation, imitation and modeling. The study mainly employed qualitative and quantitative approach as this enabled the researcher to obtain data needed in clarification, and explaining the predictors. The research design was descriptive survey design. The target population was all learners with cerebral palsy in Thika Municipality. The sample of the study included 10 learners with cerebral palsy. Other respondents were 3 Headteachers and 22 teachers. Data collection was by use of questionnaire, interview guides, and observation. A quantitative approach was employed based on questionnaires containing closed-ended questions, which were administered to teachers and pupils. A qualitative approach was employed based on a semi-structured interview schedule containing open-ended questions which were conducted on Headtechears. An observation checklist was used to collect information about activities performed by the children with CP and facilities and equipment used in the schools. The data collected were coded and analyzed manually. The codes were fed into a computer and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) procedure to yield descriptive statistics such as frequency and percentages hence presented in tables, and figures. The findings established that the environment was not suitable for CP, there were few support staff, teachers had diverse opinion on CP learners and used regular curriculum. In conclusion there was lack of funds, personnel, adapted materials, trained teachers and the adapted curriculum. Recommendations are government to add funds, adapted curriculum by KICD, train teachers on CP and KNEC to modify exams.