Determinants of effective supply chain management performance in road construction projects in Kenya
Ang' ana, Backstone Otieno
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This study aimed at assessing the determinants of supply chain management performance in road construction projects in Kenya. For the purpose of this study the researcher aimed at establishing a conceptual model linking the relationships. with customers and suppliers, information and communication technology, materials flows management, strategic alliances and SCM Performance. There were many elements that determine project success, but the focus of this study was on three critical project parameters or performance i.e. time, cost and quality. The· main objective of the study was to determine factors that affect Supply Management performance in the road construction projects in Kenya. The scope of the research was road construction contractors and other agencies in the road construction industry in Kenya. The populations were staff of the road contractors. This research study adapted a descriptive survey design and employed simple and stratified random sampling. The research was conducted using data that is both qualitative and quantitative data. Structured and unstructured questionnaires were used to collect data from the road construction companies. 81 questionnaires were distributed and 75 were returned. A bigger percentage of the companies identified materials flow and information technology as the key driver in supply chain management of road construction companies. Other indicators that influenced implementation included strategic alliances, training and adoption of appropriate technologies for the road projects. The road construction was also found to be male dominated and characterized by excess costs and exceeded time limits. Based on these findings, road project implementers need to find ways to adjust road construction with modem supply chain requirements in order to reduce on duration, quality and costs arising from SCM logistics. The researcher recommends that companies should utilize web based technologies and enter into a price commitment contract with their suppliers to guarantee a certain long-term prices. Further integration of IT and communication into road projects is also recommended.