Factors Influencing Implementation of Strategic Plans in Public Secondary Schools in Homabay County Kenya
The study investigated the factors influencing the implementation of strategic plans in public secondary schools in Homa Bay County. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors deterring implementation of school strategic plans in public secondary schools. The objectives of the study were to establish the processes of formulating strategic plan, assess the effect of communication on successful implementation of strategic plan in secondary schools, to establish the influence of resource allocation in schools, to determine the effect of strategic formation in the strategic management plan and lastly to determine the extent to which organizational structure affect the implementation of strategic management plan. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and a random sample of 14 schools selected for the study. Questionnaire was used to collect data from the principals and HODs. Quantitative data from the field was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages. Qualitative data was analyzed by putting the responses under themes consistent with the research objectives. From the findings, majority of the surveyed schools do not carryout SWOT analysis before formulating school strategic plan. Majority of the surveyed school do not have effective communication on implementation of strategic plan. Principals do not discuss the progress of strategic plans with the staff members and other implementers. Most of the surveyed schools do not have enough funds to implement strategic plan. Majority of the schools depend on the government for funds. Majority of the surveyed schools do not have well designed organizational structures on implementation stage most schools don‟t hold meetings to review their set structures. The government through the ministry of education should organize for in service programmes for the principals so as to enable them implement relevant practices when implementing strategic plans. There is need to include and define clearly the different roles expected of key players and partners for effective delivery of policy.The principals and the board of management should initiate income generator activities so as to facilitate sustainable projects in schools. The government through the ministry of education should guide and support schools principals on sustaining projects in schools.