Analysis of acute injuries incurred by players during the 2001 Moi golden cup soccer tournament in Kenya
This study involved the analysis of injuries incurred by players during the 2001 Moi Golden Cup Soccer Toumament. A total of twenty- four (24) matches were covered. A modified Soccer Observation Chart from the one developed by Asembo, Njororai and Wekesa (1995) was used to collect data for this study. Three-trained research assistants were used for collection of data. Each one of them collected data independently. An inter observer agreement was set at 90% for the various variables for purposes of inclusion in the analysis. Where there were differences of opinion, consultations with the team dodorlfirst aider was made. The data collected were expressed in terms of frequencies and percentages. Chi-square was used to test the significance of various hypotheses in line with injuries incurred by players in the 2001 Moi Golden Cup Soccer Toumament with the objective of establishing the nature, anatomical distribution, contextual mechanism, aetiology, and time course of injuries in relation to tournament level, part of the field, teams (home/away, winning/losing) and players position among male Soccer players. The significant level for rejection and/or acceptance of the hypotheses was set at 0.05. From this study, it was found that more injuries 44(43.14%) occurred in the preliminary phase of the toumament and first halves (67.6%) of the matches played. Forward players were more vulnerable to injuries compared to other positions. They suffered 35(34.3%) of the total injuries recorded during the study. The opponent caused the highest number 50(49%) of injuries. Most players 28(27.5%) were injured as a result of being kicked by another player. The offensive zone recorded more injuries 37(36.3%) compared to the defensive and construction zones, which recorded 35(34.3%) and 30(29.4%) respectively. Soft tissue injuries accounted for the highest percentage (79%) of injuries during the Toumament. Most players 17(62.96%), were substituted because of injuries in the preliminary phase of the Tournament. Away teams registered more injuries 58(56.9%) than home teams 44(43.1 %) while winning teams incurred more injuries 54(53%) than losing teams 48 (47%). Anatomically, the lower body was the most affected by injuries 67(65.7%) in this study. Therefore, it is recommended that Kenyan Soccer Coaches should emphasize the need for proper physical conditioning and sportsmanship to reduce chances of their players getting unnecessary injuries. The Kenya Football Federation in liaison with the Government and Clubs should strive to improve and maintain Soccer pitches to avoid predisposing players to injuries. Further studies in the same area with female teams, international tournaments, other sports, among others, are recommended.