Gender based violence in educational institutions and its impacts on girls’ education: a comparative study of selected countries
Itegi, Florence M.
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Gender based violence is a serious violation of human rights and a complex problem all over the world. It is not specific to a particular country or region and women and men of all regions, religion or ethnicity can face discrimination and the consequent gender based violence. While it can affect both men and women, women are the group that is most affected. Gender Based Violence refer to sexual harassment, assault, verbal and physical abuse, psychological and economic violence women are specifically vulnerable to given the lack of power they posses in the society. The problem is compounded by harmful cultural practices like female genital mutilation, forced early marriages, forced prostitution, sexual harassment and sexual exploitation. Among the causes of GBV are poverty, traditional believes, some aspects of modernity and the socialization of girls and boys by the society makes victims accept it as norm. GBV limits girl’s access, participation, retention in education and difficulties in finding jobs latter. GVB as discussed by authors provides insights into its magnitude however; it is limited to secondary literature. This not withstanding appropriate education provides an opportunity to learn about equality between men and women and non sexist education makes it possible to deal with traditional stereotypes concerning roles of women and men so as to fight prejudices and discrimination. This paper seeks to demonstrate the need for governments to reform their education systems to give girls and boys equal opportunities to participate and share benefits of education against general believe that GBV is more rampant in illiterate societies.