Factors affecting the performance of projects in Hargeisa Somaliland: a case study of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
Hussein, Fowzia Ibrahim
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The United Nations development Programme, (UNDP) is the UN's global development network working in 177 countries, advocating for change and connecting countries to share knowledge, experience and resources to help their citizens build a better life. In Somaliland, UNDP supports three main thematic programs - The Itule of Law and Democratic Governance, Poverty reduction and Environmental Protection, HIV and Aids. Under each programme there are a number of projects. The UNDP is among the various international and humanitarian actors that have expressed interest of venturing into Somaliland, a breakaway region from Somalia that is not recognized by the international community as a sovereign nation. The UNDP has been carrying out various projects to ameliorate the livelihoods of the people in Somaliland. Despite the voluminous articles, studies and publications written about the war torn and hunger-stricken region of horn of Africa, none of them has focused on this "relatively peaceful part of Somalia. More significantly, no study has investigated the factors affecting the performance of UNDP projects in Sornaliland creating a knowled~e gap. The general objective of the study was to investigate the factors affecting the performance of projects in Hargeisa, Somaliland: a case study of the United _Nations Development Program (UNDP) projects. This study used a descriptive research design. The target respondents included the 65 staff members working in the UNDP offices in Somaliland as well as the 55 management team in the Ministry of Planning of Somaliland. Others respondents included the 100 stakeholders and beneficiaries of the UNDP projects in the Hargeisa Region of Somaliland. A sample of 20% (44 respondents) was selected using stratified random sampling. The study used a survey questionnaire administered to each member of the sampled respondent 'The researcher administered the questionnaire individually of all the respondents of the study. Quantitative data collected was analyzed by the use of descriptive statistics and presented through pie charts, graphs and table. The information was displayed by use of tables, bar charts, graphs and pie charts and in prose-form. Tables and other graphical presentations as appropriate were used to present the data collected for ease of understanding and analysis. The study recommends that the concerned stakeholders should ensure that the various aspects of bud Y~g are well focused to enhance project success in Somaliland. This would involve looking at various aspects of budgeting such as prices and costs due to inflation, availability of resources within the area or within the time, cost constraints in project implementation, disbursement of cost forecast, work packages such as labor rates and indirect costs. The study also recommends that for the UNDP projects to realize their intended benefits to the citizens there are need to lay down proper strategies with regard to timing of the UNDP projects. Proper staff and stakeholder training, time forecasting and various other factors should be considered to enhance success. The study further recommends that for UNDP projects to meet user requirements there is need for implementing proper guidelines with regard to process for deciding on formulating a project, final objectives should be documented and approved, how the beneficiary needs addressed in order of priority and involvement of the relevant Somaliland authorities or beneficiary. The study finally recommends that there is need to equip the relevant stakeholders with the relevant skills and knowledge on the importance and sustain ability of UNDP projects in order to enhance their performance.