Physical and psycho-social benefits of parental involvement in organized physical activities for children with intellectual disabilities in Nairobi: county, Kenya
Wairimu, Mwangi Jane
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Involving parents in organized developmental programmes for children with Intellectual Disability (ID) would provide with information and skills to enable them respond to the needs of their children in early years. The purpose of this study will be to evaluate the physical and psycho-social benefits of parental involvement in an organized Physical Activity (PA) programme for their children with ID of age 4-6 years. The study aims at determining whether parental involvement in an organized PA programme for their children with ID will have influence on their physical and psycho-social status. Quasi experimental research design will be adopted for the study. The study will involve a control and an experimental group in a three - month organized PA programme. The experimental group will comprise parents who will participate in organized PA programme jointly with their children with ID of age 4-6 years under the guidance of a trained coach in Special Olympics young athletes' programme under a similarly trained coach while parents will not be involved in organized PA in the control group. The study targets parents and their children with ID learning in the four inclusive Early Childhood Development (BCD) centres in Nairobi, County. Purposive sampling procedure will be used to select two ECD centres that have the highest number of leaners with ID. In this case, the two centres are Little-Rock, Ayani which has a total of 25 learners of age 4-6 years, 50 parents and Christ the King, Embakasi 21 learners and 42 parents respectively making a sample size of 138(92%) out of the 150 total targeted population. A pre-test will be conducted to determine validity and reliability of research instrument. Parents' responses will be collected using a self-administered questionnaire while a modified Young Athlete Motor Checklist (YAMC) will be used to record the observed performance of the children and an attendance checklist will be used to collect information on parents' frequency of attendance. Data will then be coded and organized for analysis using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20. Null hypothesis to measure differences in scores on motor skill performance of children with ID participating in the organized PA will be tested using t-test, One-Way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) will be used to measure group mean differences with respect to parental involvement and gender, age, level of education, marital status as well as parents' ratings of the motor abilities of their children with ID before and after participating in organized PA. The Hypotheses will be tested at a 0.05 level of significance. Responses from focus group discussions on psychosocial benefits will be summarised into themes.