Factors affecting sustainability of community based projects a case study of Mutomo District of Kitui County
Githinji, Charles Mahinge
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With an aim of fighting poverty at the grass root, many donors and facilitators are opting to channel their funding through Community based projects (CBPs). These CBPs have a gestation period or life-span in all the areas or communities. In order to achieve the goals of these programs with the planned resources, there is need to find a way of how best these can be sustained or managed by the community after the gestation period (phase-out). This study is motivated by the fact that there are numerous efforts in the recent past of phasing out the community based projects but there is failure on the part of the communities in managing or sustaining the projects. The research was set out to find out factors that affect the sustainability of CBPs in Mutomo District of Kitui County. This was through the following objectives; to investigate the role played by the community in the sustainability of CBPs; to find out the geographical factors affecting the sustainability of CBPs and to establish the role of project controllers and implementers on the sustainability of CBPs in Mutomo District. The research took the form of descriptive analysis and both qualitative and quantitative data were collected. The target populations were CBPs managers, project donors and facilitators and the projects beneficiaries. The respondents were selected through both purposeful and random sampling. Both the finding of the literature and the quantitative and qualitative results were analyzed with the aid of SPSS software. They were then presented in form of figures, tables and narratives. The study found that the greatest factor affecting the sustainability of the community based projects lies with the controllers and implementers. This was followed by geographical factors and finally the community. The main controllers and implementers were identified as the donors, CBOs and NGOs. These carry the greatest impact on the sustainability of the CBPs. Geographical factors highlighted include natural resources and the environment. The most dominant role played by the community was security and provision of human resources to the CBPs. These answered the concerns raised regarding the factors affecting sustainability of CBPs in the study area.