Strategies and disbility mainstreaming in public service: a case of the ministry of state for public service Kenya
Ngugi, Loise Njoki
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The study focused on the relationship between Strategies and Disability Mainstreaming within the Public Service. The study worked on the assumption that there has been no clear effort to establish a link between strategies and Disability Mainstreaming in the Public Service since Kenya gained independence in 1963. This was from the informed position that persons with disability have remained marginalised for a long time in society. They have been viewed as recipient of charity making them less than equal to well-wishers and other members of society as if they were not able to take care of their needs. The study therefore sought to identify if there is a linkage between Strategies and Disability Mainstreaming and also establish the effects of the link between the strategies and disability mainstreaming process in Public Service. The questionnaires were self administered. The researcher sent them through hand delivery to the respondents and asked them to complete the questionnaires themselves. The researcher gave respondents a period of two weeks and followed up on the respondents to pick up the questionnaires. Before processing the responses, the completed questionnaires were edited for completeness and consistency. The data was then coded to enable the responses to be grouped into various categories. Descriptive and content analysis techniques were employed. The research concluded that there is a positive relationship between the following parameters in the Ministry: Disability Policy formulation and Disability Mainstreaming; Capacity Building and sensitization training and Disability Mainstreaming; Enhanced infrastructure and Disability Mainstreaming, provision of facilities and Disability Mainstreaming, structures design and Disability Mainstreaming, . and 5% affirmative action in employment and Disability Mainstreaming. The study also concluded that the Ministry's performance towards Capacity Building and sensitization was good; the Ministry's performance towards Disability Policy formulation was good; Structures design and Provision of facilities was fair. The study further concludes that respondents understood the importance of the government having strategies in disability mainstreaming within the Public Service and were aware of the Disability Act 0[2003. The study recommends the Ministry of State for Public Service ensure there is a strong relationship between strategies and Disability Mainstreaming in the public sector. This should be done through Capacity Building and Sensitization, Disability policy formulation, infrastructure enhancement, Provision of facilities for the disabled, affirmative action based on disability, Structures design and ensuring a more than 5% affirmative action in employment. The study also recommends that the Ministry's performance towards the following parameters should be improved: Disability policy formulation, Capacity Building and sensitization;' Affirmative action based on disability policies, enhanced infrastructure, Structure design and Provision of facilities. The study further recommends the Ministry starts .awareness campaigns emphasizing the importance of the government having strategies in disability mainstreaming within the Public Service and bring employees awareness to the contents of the Disability Act 0[2003. Finally, employees should change: their attitude positively to favour disability mainstreaming in the Ministry.