Factors Influencing Performance in Mathematics among Learners with low Vision in Integrated Public Primary Schools in Nairobi County, Kenya
Wairimu, Gachau Mary
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The purpose of this study was to investigate performance in Mathematics among learners with low vision in integrated public primary schools in Nairobi County. 'The study adopted a descriptive research design and survey methods. The researcher targeted learners with low vision without other disabilities in classes 4 to 8, their teachers of Mathematics, deputy headteachers and head teachers as the respondents in order to gather information for the study. Two questionnaires, an interview guide and two observational checklists were used to collect information. Test-retest method was used to ascertain the reliability of the research instruments. The quantitative data was analyzed using means, standard deviations, frequencies and percentages. The results for the analysis were then presented using tables, piechart and graphs to identify variable frequencies, averages or ranges in the data extracted from the survey instruments. Qualitative data was summarized in narrative form. The findings of study were that low vision learners had a negative attitude towards Mathematics which did not differ across gender. The study established that the major reasons that make learners with low vision dislike Mathematics were: lack of motivation, negative attitude due to peer influence, teachers of Mathematics not using appropriate teaching/learning materials and family problems. Majority of learners used mounted 'spectacles magnifiers when studying Mathematics. However, in the two selected schools, very few environmental modifications were done. The classrooms had adapted desks and learners were given preferential seats although the classrooms were congested with 48 to 55 pupils per class. Teachers of Mathematics were observed spending very little time interacting with learners regarding individual attention and encouraging them to succeed in Mathematics. On the basis of these findings, the study recommended that the Kenya government through the MaE, NOOs and parents to give priority towards the provision of adequate instructional materials for teaching and teachers should be in-serviced in the, use of individualized education programme. The researcher also recommended that, a 'fund be set aside for mod ifying the environment by the government and be increased in all integrated public primary schools. Teachers should also be motivated to concentrate on assisting learners vith low vision to make use of their private time.