Effects of career plateauing on attitudes and commitment of secondary school teachers towards their work in Ruiru and Thika west districts
Njuguna, Bernard Kabera
MetadataShow full item record
Many employees find themselves in jobs that offer them limited mobility opportunity in terms of upwards movements in the organization. Career plateau is considered as one of the factors that affect employees' motivation, job satisfaction, job performance and intention to quit an organization. Career plateau refer to a situation where an employee stagnates in one job grade more than it is necessary, Careers progress gradually to take on tasks of ever-increasing responsibility and the employee has time to get accustomed to new challenges over the course of time. However, teaching usually implies the adoption of full juridical and pedagogical responsibility right from graduation. Teachers face great challenges right at the beginning of their career, but these challenges do not increase later so long as they (teachers) do not change their career orientation and become, for example, a head teacher. Teaching is described as a profession with early career plateau. It is also suggested that teaching is a 'flat profession' and that teachers with twenty years of experience may be doing essentially the same type of work as when they started teaching. This study sought to establish the effect of career plateauing on attitudes and commitment of teachers towards their work in Ruiru and Thika West district. The objectives of the study were to; find out how career plateauing affects motivation of teachers in secondary schools in Ruiru and Thika west districts, determine the effects of career plateauing on job satisfaction of the teachers in Ruiru and Thika west districts, find out the extent to which career plateuing affects labour turnover of teachers in Ruiru and Thika west districts and to examine how career plateuing affect performance of teachers in Ruiru and Thika districts. The study adapted a descriptive survey design. The target population of the study were all the 26 public secondary schools in Ruiru and Thika districts with a population of 378 teachers. A study sample of 13 schools (50%) was selected through stratified sampling and simple random techniques. The principals of the sampled schools were involved in the study as well as 104 teachers (6 from each school) selected through purposive sampling based on their years of service with TSC. Thus a total of 91 respondents (24.1%) took part in the study. The study instruments were questionnaires for principals and teachers. Questionnaires were conducted on six teachers prior to the main study to test reliability of the questionnaires while validity of the instruments was determined through guidance from experts who included the supervisors. Data was coded and keyed in the computer for analysis using the Statistical Package for Social Scientist (SPSS). Qualitative data was analyzed thematically according to objectives. Quantitative data was analyzed by use of descriptive statistics such as averages, percentages, mean and standard deviation. The findings were presented using frequency distribution tables, bar graphs, line graphs and pie charts. The study found out that Career plateau lead to low motivation and less commitment of teachers as well as low job satisfaction. Career plateau also lead to lack of enthusiasm and dedication of teachers in performance their duties. However, the study found out that career plateau affect turnover of teachers at lower extent. The study is expected to have a practical implications for motivating career plateaued teachers. The study will also enable the government through the ministry of education to understand and appreciate the effects of career plateauing on attitudes and commitment of teachers towards their work. This would pave way for formulation of policies to minimize such impacts.