Challenges Facing Teachers and Students in the use of Instructional Technologies:A case of Selected Secondary Schools in Kisii County,Kenya.
Thistudywasconcerned with the challenges facing secondary schools' teachers and students in theuseofinstructionaltechnologies. The rationale was based on the view that properly designed, learninmgaterialsinspired by instructional technology and delivered by technology add value to ateachingenvironmenton which contact hours are limited. This is because the curriculum needs academisctandardsand the development of digital age skills for the 215t century learners. The litemturreeviewfocuses on the meaning of instructional technology, the use of instructional technologiiensteaching and learning in institutions in other parts of the world as well as Kenya, howevetrh,e challenges faced in the use of instructional technologies in secondary schools have notbeenaddressed.This was a descriptive survey design. The study was conducted in ten (10) provincipalublic secondary schools in Kisii County. Data was collected using 'questionnaires, interviewschedulesand observation schedules. The obtained data were analyzed systematically usingdescriptive statistics and presented with the help of frequency tables, graphs and percentageTs.he study findings revealed that most of the instructional technologies were availablbeut inadequate in terms of quantity. Not all the instructional technologies were easily accessible for both teachers and students for teaching and learning processes. The use of instructiontaelchnologies was influenced by their availability, how the technology will enhance learningk,nowledge and skills on use, syllabus requirement, accessibility and administration amongothers. Further, that tile teachers' academic and professional qualifications had little influence on how successfully the teacher uses instructional technologies for teaching and learningF.inally,teachers and students faced several challenges such as teachers having limited skillonuseof some instructional technologies, inadequate instructional technologies, inadequate fundsandlack of support from the school's administration whereas students revealed among others lackof accessibility and overcrowded classrooms which need resolutions. The Ministry of Educatiotongetherwith all other education stakeholders need to come-up with strategies to curb this menace.