Challenges Facing Headteachers In Managing Day Secondary Schools In Imenti South District, Meru County, Kenya
Mutembei, Lucy Ndumba
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The main purpose of this study was to identify the challenges facing Head teachers in managing day secondary schools in Imenti South District, Meru County. Secondary school administration has played a key role in most secondary institutions throughout Kenya. Despite this, most secondary school head teachers face challenges that affect the efficiency needed in their respective institutions. The study endeavored to determine challenges and problems facing head teachers in managing day secondary schools and determine possible solutions. The study identified the causes of these challenges and outlined the effort taken by head teachers in order to overcome them. The research employed a descriptive survey study design as a better option to conduct the study. Out of twenty day secondary schools, only ten day secondary schools were sampled. The researcher used questionnaires and interview schedules to collect data. With a target population of 2780, simple random sampling was used to select respondents in these groups namely; 10 School BOG chairmen; 10 Principals, 10 Deputy Principals, 80 Teachers and 800 Students totaling to 910 respondents. Data was obtained and analyzed by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) computer package to determine the challenges facing head teachers in managing day secondary schools in Imenti South District, Meru County. Both qualitative and quantitative data analysis were used to' analyze data collected. Responses from questionnaire, interview schedules were organized according to pertinent aspects of the study. The findings were analyzed through descriptive statistics by use of frequencies, tables, graphs and pie-charts. From the study it came out clearly that among the many challenges facing head teachers in managing day secondary schools key among them was; financial management and curriculum and instruction which 100% of the respondents said were very challenging. Pupil personnel recorded 80% of the challenges head teachers face while 700/0 cited school community relations as a challenge. This study recommends that head teachers should be well trained on fmancial management while the government should increase funding for day secondary schools and the same should be released at the beginning of the school term. The schools should be provided with adequate curriculum and instructional materials. The students and teachers need to be regularly encouraged and motivated. The community should be sensitized on the cost sharing in day secondary schools. This study proposes further investigation on whether there is a correlation between the principals' qualifications and the challenges experienced and a study on whether female head teachers face similar challenges as their male counterparts. A further research is also recommended on the factors leading to low student enrollment in day secondary schools in Imenti South District,Meru County.