Factors affecting formulation of strategic plans in private primary schools: a case of schools in Githunguri District
Ndungo, Patrick Njoroge
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The research explored the factors that influence formulation of strategic plans in private primary schools. The purpose of the study was to: find out how management commitment influences formulation of strategic plans in private schools, examine how management skills influence formulation of strategic plans in private schools, determine whether availability of resources influence formulation of strategic plans in private schools, and whether adherence to government policies influence formulation of strategic plans in private schools .The study describes some of the factors that make the stated problem a critical issue. Some of the factors are, schools being characterized with inverted priorities, incomplete (white elephants) and dilapidated structures, schools closing down due to poor management, high turnover of teachers and students, some schools not following the school calendar, some schools focus too much on profit maximization instead on concentrating on providing quality education. The study will be significant to the M.O.E, general public, the school, the sponsors, and also to the N.G.OS since it will enlighten them on the pivotal role of having a strategic plan in an organization. The study focused on private primary schools in Githunguri district. The study was guided by quality planning model which provides a blue print for effective school planning and effective management. In the literature review strategic planning process is explained. Tools and approaches of strategic planning are also explained. The benefits of effective plans in schools is highlighted in the literature review and in order for schools to improve academic performance, appropriate planning in relation to curriculum, physical and human resources must be embraced, In the conceptual frame work the independent variables are management skills, resources, management commitment and government policies. The intervening variables are culture, politics and the government. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and a population of 219 from which a sample of 38 respondents was selected, stratified random sampling was used in the study. The content validity of research instruments was assured through expert judgment provided by my supervisors, while reliability of the instruments was tested by use of split-half method. Questionnaires were used to collect data from education officials, managers, head teachers and teachers. The questionnaires were closed and opened ended. Quantitative data from the field was analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages with the aid of SPSS software. Qualitative data was analyzed by putting the responses under themes consistent with research objectives. The study drew conclusions on what influences formulation of strategic plans. These includes members do not attend meetings where ideas on development plans are discussed. Availability of resources is a prerequisite to development of school strategic plan, and schools should follow government policies. The study suggested that schools should allow their staff to attend management courses and committee members should be attending meetings where development plans are discussed and allocate enough resources.