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dc.contributor.authorHassanali, Ahmed
dc.contributor.authorLwande, W.
dc.contributor.authorNdungu, Mary
dc.contributor.authorMoreka, Lambert
dc.contributor.authorChhabra, S. C.
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-31T13:11:31Z
dc.date.available2012-10-31T13:11:31Z
dc.date.issued1995
dc.identifier.citationEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata Volume 76, Number 3 (1995), 217-222en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://ir-library.ku.ac.ke/handle/123456789/5896
dc.descriptionDOI:10.1007/BF02382987en_US
dc.description.abstractThe repellency of the essential oil of the shrubCleome monophylla (Family: Capparidaceae) and identified constituents of the oil were evaluated against the livestock tick,Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and the maize weevil,Sitophillus zeamais. In a tick climbing repellency bioassay, the oil ofC. monophylla exhibited repellency which, at the highest dose, was comparable to that of the commercial arthropod repellent N,N-diethyl toluamide (DEET). In a Y-tube olfactometer bioassay,C. monophylla oil showed higher or comparable repellency againstS. zeamais relative to DEET at all the doses tested. 14 Compounds were identified in theC. monophylla oil by GC, GC-MS and coinjection with authentic samples. Terpenolene was found to occur in largest quantity (14%) followed by 1-α-terpeneol (10%), pentacosane (9%), (α+β)-humulene (8%), phytol (5%) and 2-dodecanone (4%). The most repellent components againstR. appendiculatus andS. zeamais were 1-α-terpeneol and 2-dodecanone. The overall pattern of repellency activity of theC. monophylla constituents with respect to the two arthropods was, however, different. The potential ofC. monophylla in tick and maize weevil control is discussed.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherSpringerlinken_US
dc.subjectCleome monophyllaen_US
dc.subjectCapparidaceaeen_US
dc.subjectRhipicephalus appendiculatusen_US
dc.subjectSitophilus zeamaisen_US
dc.subjectrepellents, ticken_US
dc.subjectAnti-ticken_US
dc.subjectpasture - 1-α-terpeneolen_US
dc.subject2-dodecanoneen_US
dc.subjectbrown-ear ticken_US
dc.titleCleome monophylla essential oil and its constituents as tick (Rhipicephalus appendiculatus) and maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) repellentsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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