Influence of parents' socio-economic status on their children's performance in KCPE (2007-2010): A case of Keumbu Division Kisii County.
Mogaka, Malach Mogire
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Education is the key to development and has equalizing effects. It has importance economic returns which justify high investment by both the government and the individual. Poor academic performance has; therefore, far reaching consequences that makes it important to be clear about the factors associated with it. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of parents' socio-economic status on their children's performance in KCPE in Keumbu Division Kisii County. It examined the extent to which home background of the child, parental level of education and family size affect performance in KCPE. It also looked for ways of improving children's performance in all socio-economic statuses. The objectives of the study are: To find out the influence of parental socio-economic status on their children's performance in KCPE. To determine factors that contributes to poor performance in KCPE performance. To examine the relationship between parental socio-economic status and KCPE performance. To make recommendations of improving KCPE performance in all socio-economic statuses. The study adopted a descriptive survey design which involved six public primary schools selected using systematic sampling and two private primary schools in the division. The number of private schools in the division is only two. The researcher therefore took all the two schools without sampling them. From the eight schools selected, the sample comprised 4 head teachers, 40 teachers, five from each school, 160 pupils 20 from each school, 64 parents 8 from each school, 1 AEO and 1 QASO. This formed the sample of the targeted population. Data was collected by use of standardized questionnaires and interview schedules. Questionnaires were administered to literate parents, pupils and teachers while interview schedules were administered to head teachers, AEO and the QASOs in the Division. Secondary data were extracted from examination results records both internal and KCPE results were used. Data collected was coded and analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) software and were presented in form of tables, figures and graphs. The study findings are significant in availing information on the status of children's KCPE performance in the country. The results of the findings are significant to the ministry of planning, finance and in particular the ministry of Education, educational planners, educational administrators in all levels and the CDF committees at constituency levels. The information obtained from the result of this survey will be used to make policies that will improve children's performance in KCPE in all socio-economic statuses.