An investigation into the implementation of guidance and counselling programmes in some selected secondary schools in Butere-Mumias district, Kenya
Okama, Aura Judith Hellen
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The present society has many problems facing students. These include stress due to academic pressure and other social factors which sometimes make students drop out of school. It has also led to student unrest in schools. Students are faced with social ills such as drug abuse, homosexuality, HIV/Aids and other sexually infectious diseases. This scenario leaves students in the hands of the teacher with parents apparently too busy to attend to the children. The loss of both parents due to the Aids pandemic adds an extra load to the teacher who has to play dual roles. The study sought to find out how the implementation of guidance and counselling programmes is conducted in secondary schools in ButereMumias District. By combination of both purposive and random sampling methods, some 320 respondents were selected. While some answered the questionnaires, others responded to the interview schedule. The observation checklist was also used to observe what was actually on the ground to enhance data elicited by questionnaires and interview schedule. Chapter one addressed the background information, statement of the problem, the rationale, research questions, objectives of the study and the significance of the study. Chapter two reviewed relevant literature to the study, while chapter three described the methodology employed in sampling, collecting and analyzing data. Chapter four mainly dealt with data analysis, presentation and interpretation. Chapter five drew conclusions and made recommendations including a suggestion for further research in other parts of the country. The major finding of the study was that there is need and desire for the establishment of guidance and counselling. Indeed, attempts have been made here and there to have it port in place but unfortunately, without success due to limited knowledge as to what is expected. There is no time, no clear and adequate support of this very important component of human growth. Based on these findings, the researcher recommended provision of skills through training and inservice courses, support from parents, the school administration, the provincial administration and the Ministry of Education. Guidance and counselling is a continuous process and the teacher requires ample time with the child.