An analysis of the factors affecting motivation and performance of diploma teacher trainers in Kenya
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting motivation and Performance of the Diploma Teacher Trainer (DTT). It was meant to establish the effect of pay, promotion, working conditions, transfer, age, training and gender on motivation and performance of the DTT. The effect of these variables on the Diploma Teacher Trainers' motivation and performance were to be found out so that ways of improving these variables could be suggested for higher motivation and performance of the concerned trainers. The population of this study comprised 326 Teacher Trainers in the three Diploma Teachers' Training Colleges in Kenya i.e. Kagumo, Kenya Science and Kenya Technical. A sample of 50% Teacher Trainers (ITs) was selected from Kagumo and Kenya Science using simple random sampling method. Elements of the sample were given questionnaires to fill. Data was collected using questionnaires. The data was analyzed using measures of central tendency such as the mean, standard deviation and T -test. It was found that promotion led to motivation and improved performance by most subjects, especially when done on merit. The majority of the subjects felt that their pay was neither commensurate to their work nor to that of their contemporaries in other professions, thus got de-motivated and performed poorly. Trainers who were voluntarily transferred were motivated and performed better unlike those who got compulsory transfers. Training only motivated and spurred good performance if recognized by the employer through promotion to a higher grade or increased pay: Most males felt that academic and professional qualifications did not affect a teacher's performance while the females' attitude was that the higher the teacher's qualifications, the better the performance. Good working conditions motivated trainers to perform better. From the data collected, it is recommended that further research be carried out on the effect of the same factors on motivation and performance of private DTT and trainers of personnel in other professions. Reasons for gender difference in attitude towards academic and professional qualifications and its relation to motivation and performance is worth finding out. Moreover, it would be interesting to find out why the working conditions in KSTC and, KTC are so different as to make trainers in the former institution more motivated than the latter.