Assessing effectiveness of teaching and learning facilities of Physics among form two students of Gem District, Siaya County-Kenya
Otiato, John Odhiambo
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The purpose of the study was to assess the effects of teaching and learning physics facilities on physics performance in secondary schools. The study was conducted among form two students of the public secondary schools of Gem District. The area of study was limited to randomly sample secondary schools in the district. The results of other studies, Sobolewski (1993) and Todd et al (2003) have hinted that physics is perceived as a difficult subject and is being evaded by students and teachers. Preliminary study revealed that in some schools physics is technically compulsory, while in others it was a voluntary subject. There were indications that many students avoid physics due to some reasons, school or personal or lack of resources. The study developed six hypotheses to establish whether there was significant relationship and difference in performance in physics based on teaching and learning physics with facilities by gender, attitude and age. The study design was pretest-posttest experimental control group design based on teaching and learning physics with facilities using the three major tools for data collection, the gathered data was analyzed by use of computer package SPSS Program. The results of the study were statistically presented in the form of t-statistic and Pearson's r correlation coefficient for difference and relationship respectively. The study revealed that there was significant relationship between student's performance and use of physics facilities, which showed significant improvement in student's mean performance in physics and improved attitudes toward the subject. The study found that performance improved among the experimental more than control group. However, control group performance improved due to side effects. Further results showed that there was no significant difference in performance by gender when teaching was based on theory and practical, showing that treatment administered on experimental group could improve enrolment and performance in physics. Finally, analysis on results revealed that there was significant difference in performance between experimental and control groups by attitudes toward physics concluding that teaching and learning of physics improved with use of facilities.