The impact of cost saving measures on access and performance in public secondary schools in KCSE examination in Teso District, Kenya
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The purpose of the study was to find out the impact cost saving measures have on access and performance in public secondary schools in KCSE examination. The survey design was used to collect data from a population of 18 secondary schools. 12 percent girls schools ,12 percent boys schools and 18 percent mixed day schools were selected purposively. Questionnaires was used to collect data from head teachers, students, PTA representatives, quality assurance officers and class teachers. Document analysis was used to collaborate responses. Data collected from the field was analyzed using descriptive statistics. Findings were reported in frequencies and percentages.. The study found out that resources in the schools were not efficiently utilized .Majority of schools had a pupil teacher ratio of 30:l,pupil-worker ratio of 30:1,leaming resources were available though inadequate in most schools to support learning, income generating activities enhanced access in public secondary schools and all schools involved students in the performance of some duties. Purchasing items in bulk and while in season also enhanced access and retention in public secondary schools. On the basis of the findings the study therefore recommends the redeployment of underutilized teaching staff to other schools, schools should employ the recommended number of support staff to ensure efficiency thus reduction in time wastage and subsequent better performance, the number of lessons per week per teacher per week should be 27 lessons. Income generating activities could be enhanced to ensure that schools reduce on fee levied alongside supplementing the existing resources, and schools should be well equipped with basic learning resources because they determine the performance in KCSE examination. In this regard the school heads should prioritize the most strained school resources for maintenance and consider for replenishment and installation/building of new facilities.